Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Jordan Surname Meaning and Origin

Jordan Surname Meaning and Origin The basic last name Jordanâ derived from the regular Christian baptismal name Jordan,â taken from the waterway by that name streaming between the nations of Jordan and Israel. Jordan derivesâ from the Hebrewâ ×™× ¨Ã—×ÿ (Yarden), which means to plummet or to stream down. Jordan is the 106th most normal last name in America as per information from the 2000 U.S. registration. ​Surname Origin: English, French, German, Spanish, Hungarian Substitute Surname Spellings: Giordano (Italian), Jordann (Dutch), Jordn (Spanish), JORDÃÆ'O (Portuguese), JOURDAIN (French), GEORDAN, GERDAN, Giordan, Jordain, Jordaine, Jordanis, Jorden, Jordens, Jordin, Jourdaine, Jourdan, Jourdane, Jourden, Jurden, Jurdin, Jurdon, Siurdain, Yordan Well known People With the Surname JORDAN Michael Jordan - NBA b-ball star.Barbara Jordan - social equality lobbyist and U.S. Representative.Louis Jordan - saxophonist and vocalist. Family history Resources for the Surname JORDAN The Jordan family DNA venture comprises of individuals with the Jordan last name from the USA, Canada, and Europe devoted to finding matches between members that empower them to accomplish their objectives in genealogical research.â Investigate the Jordan family ancestry discussion at for the Jordan last name to discover other people who may be exploring your precursors, or pose your own inquiry about your Jordan progenitors. At you can discover records, inquiries, and ancestry connected family trees posted for the Jordan last name and its variations.RootsWeb has a few free mailing records for specialists of the Jordan family name accessible through their site. is an extraordinary spot to get to free databases and lineage joins for the last name Jordan. References Cottle, Basil. Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967. Menk, Lars. A Dictionary of German Jewish Surnames. Avotaynu, 2005. Beider, Alexander. A Dictionary of Jewish Surnames from Galicia. Avotaynu, 2004. Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1989. Hanks, Patrick. Word reference of American Family Names. Oxford University Press, 2003. Smith, Elsdon C. American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

How Messed Up Education Can Be Essay

So simply like some other year, understudies need to go to the initial service; my younger sibling plunked down in the last lines loaded up with spray painting in the assembly room I turned upward and contemplating internally, â€Å" They changed the guideline once more, whoever in control, do they figure it will fix the issues? † They have been utilizing this technique for a very long time. Consistently, the new rule would give a great discourse about how they would fix everything. Be that as it may, the previous decade, same issues despite everything frequent the school. Despite the fact that dread and stresses in my mind, I must choose the option to let my younger sibling goes to this school. Welcome to Northeast High of the Kansas City District; welcome to an incredible training. I moved to America when I was twelve and I went to Northeast Middle School. The District put me in the ELL (English Language Learner) program since I didn’t talk any English. So in those three years, I learned as much as Possible however I was as yet a child, I didn’t truly focus on my training nor did I care about it. Be that as it may, in eighth grade, I got a pinnacle of how training could turn out. Mr. Bui was my math instructor that year, he was exceptional. Despite the fact that the school set up its exercise plan, Mr. Bui didn’t tail it; he told the class that we were prepared for more elevated level class. So he requested an old arrangement of secondary school Algebra I reading material and began educating. I realized he was a decent educator, the entire class got A toward the year's end and we were prepared for secondary school. At the point when I was a green bean in secondary school that was the place training turned out to be progressively genuine for me. All the understudies that went to Northeast Middle were naturally taken on Northeast High, which is directly close to one another. The school is going to be 100 years of age and it was well known for all the terrible things, for example, posses, shooting, battling, medications, and awful training. My family didn’t need me to go to this school. However, we had no way out, we couldn’t stand to move. From the outset, I thought these rough wouldn’t matter since I was going to make a decent attempt to learn. Yet, I was dead off-base, the school resembled a jail, these were ten security watchmen and two cops consistently on backup if there should be an occurrence of crisis. It simply caused you to feel like a criminal being watch rather than a typical understudy like you should be. Yet, the most concerning issue kept me from learning was the educator, they were unpleasant. It appeared as though they were there to watch, the vast majority of them would instruct you to air out a book and read one section at that point do the surveys. They normally read the paper, mess around or read a book. Once, the class even found my educator viewing unseemly recordings on his PC. Things were shocking, there were nothing of the sort as schoolwork, the school utilize the reason there wasn’t enough reading material for understudies to bring home. All things being equal, not all the educator were awful, some of them are really instructing and a couple were doing admirably in it. I surmise it’s about who cares and who doesn’t. Obviously, the understudies love it, they never needed to effectively get a passing mark. You can simply rest in one class the whole year would in any case ready to go with C. Here and there I appreciate it yet other time I abhorred it since I have elevated standard of myself. In my lesser year, the Kansas City School District was low on assets for instruction. It shut down a couple of schools and Northeast High was on the rundown. In any case, at that point in the gathering for casting a ballot, there were such a large number of guardians appearing and shouted out; Northeast High remain open. All things being equal, the District shut down Northeast Middle and put the understudies in secondary school and it transformed into the K-12 program. Which they aggravated the issues; each week there would be a battle in the school, more groups related, more harassers, more spray painting, and all the more shooting in the area. We had enormous an episode when a young lady got assaulted in the washroom, however they kept it as a mystery. The casualty moved away and the children partook in it was rebuffed. In my last year of my secondary school, debacle strike when the Kansas City School District lost its accreditation. The explanation we lost it is a result of the understudies test scores, I wasn’t truly shock however I was frantic. My entire instruction life felt like waste, I wish I could plan something for transform it. In any case, all things considered, I sought after superior training in school so I continued onward. The senior class of 2012, there were 142 understudies yet just about portion of us graduated. I was in the top 10% of the class rank and I got a couple of grants. Just a bunch of class went on to a 4 years-school, some went to junior college and the rest despite everything attempting to get a new line of work. There are numerous reasons why the instruction framework could be so mess up yet somebody, some way or another need to fix it. In the event that one can fire the futile educator and recruit the great instructor. I figure things would be somewhat better. Obviously, if the area were better, the school wouldn’t be impact by all the awful things around it. I’m trusting my family will at last ready to move one year from now so my younger sibling doesn’t need to experience something very similar I did. I’m likewise happy I made it to school and getting decent training. I realize a few children out there that desire to be me at the present time.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Children as Eyewitnesses Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 7250 words

Kids as Eyewitnesses - Research Paper Example As per the exploration discoveries the court is the current combat zone. As lay people, quite a bit of our involvement in court preliminaries is obtained from TV programs and films. While the real investigation of law covers such a significant number of subjects that may appear to be normal and customary, for example, the law on property and on close to home relations, the law that is delineated in primetime media is constantly emotional and sensational, and consistently in the field of criminal law. The climactic scenes would consistently have to do with the interrogation of the essential observer whom the sharp legal advisor would consistently get the chance to uncover reality with some marvelous procedures in addressing. Court system has severe principles which legal counselors must follow in addressing observers. The undeniable intention is with the goal that observes won't be deceived or threatened into giving a deceptive answer, and accordingly to guarantee that the declaration will prompt reality. A perfect line of addressing is likewise significant in drawing out every bit of relevant information, and not just a bit of it; a great attorney will apply aptitude and procedure in thoughtfully getting the most threatening observer to vouch for reality regardless of the witness’s endeavors to hide it. Such methods and methodology are intended for grown-ups, notwithstanding, and they may not be pertinent when the observer to be grilled is a kid. Basic information discloses to us that kids are inclined to come clean as they see it, and don't turn to beguiling moves that grown-ups are accustomed to utilizing. Then again, regular perception likewise discloses to us that kids themselves are handily bamboozled, that occasionally proposals by grown-ups or individuals whom they trust hues their view of what is valid. In specific situations, along these lines, it is conceivable that honest youngsters may become temperamental observers in light of conditions all through the court. This investigation will decide to what degree children’s declaration as observers can be re lied upon, and the insurances taken in legitimate system to guarantee the respectability of their declaration. The paper will examine about significant components in kid improvement and brain science so as to see better the manner in which youngsters think and act in different phases of their turn of events. From that point onward, the general law on the treatment and addressing of onlookers will be talked about, to build up the regular practice in this lawful strategy. In the wake of talking about the general methodology, the extraordinary methodology of cross examining a youngster as an onlooker will be portrayed and investigated. This will involve an examination with the general methodology and a conversation on the focuses where they vary. The end will follow from that point. 2. Youngster advancement and brain science 2.1. Phases of kid improvement Children†™s minds work diversely during various phases of the child’s advancement. This may well have a course on the way offspring of different ages would be relied upon to go about as witnesses. 2.1.1 Cognitive Development Theories Jean Piaget’s phases of intellectual improvement encourages that youngsters think uniquely in contrast to grown-ups, in that kids assume a functioning job in securing information by effectively searching out and building their comprehension of the world. Kids resemble researchers who assemble their hypothesis about how things around them work, and attempt to decipher things as per their hypothesis, and amending their hypothesis when the new experience doesn't fit.1 Table 1: Piaget’s Four Stages of Cognitive Development2 Stage Approximate Age Characteristics Sensorimotor Birth to 2 years Infant’s information on the world depends on faculties and engine abilities; before the finish of the period, utilizes mental portrayal. Preoperatio nal thought 2 to 6 years Child figures out how to utilize images, for example, words and numbers to speak to parts of the world yet identifies with the world just through their point of view. Concrete operational idea 7 years to early youth Child comprehends and applies coherent administrators to encounters gave they are centered around the

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

How to Use Inspirational Topics For Presentations

How to Use Inspirational Topics For PresentationsPresentations are a powerful tool in your business and their ability to attract new customers is fundamental. You will be well-served by knowing what are some inspiring topics for presentations.You will probably have many inspiring topics that you could use for your next presentations. If you are not used to being creative, you may find it difficult to come up with a topic that will capture the audience's attention. Here are some of the most common and most commonly used inspiring topics for presentations.Every time you present a solution for a problem you are actually presenting the solution to a particular problem. When you present a solution to a problem you are seeking an alternative solution for that problem. It is important that you remember this when you are selecting your next inspirational topic for your presentations.Using time as an inspiration can also be quite powerful. Many businesses make presentations to promote new pro ducts or services, but instead of presenting a solution that was created to promote a new product or service they choose to present a solution created to promote a particular product or service. Remember to stay clear of these types of inspiring topics for presentations.Team spirit is another key ingredient for many inspiring topics for presentations. You want to build a strong team spirit. This is one of the most useful and positive influences to help attract new customers to your business. When you choose to use inspirational topics for presentations it can help attract clients that will bring more business.Some inspiring topics for presentations are inspiring because they are designed to motivate employees and retain them. If you have employees that are being asked to do things on a daily basis that aren't necessarily beneficial to them, they may not be able to keep working if they are asked to do something for the company. You want to get them involved in their tasks so that the y can see value in what they are doing.Inspirational topics for presentations are powerful and they are easily found and designed to increase sales. They are the best way to help with your business.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

ADHD Diagnosis and Treatment Essay - 1242 Words

According to Dr. Robert Epstein, Medco’s chief medical officer, seventeen percent of total drug cost spending last year was for behavior medicines; compared with sixteen percent for both asthma and antibiotics, eleven percent for skin disorders and six percent for allergy medicines. There was also a 369% increase in spending on ADHD drugs for kids under the age of five. A lot of children have been diagnosed with ADHD, and many of their parents have opted to give them behavioral drugs. Some parents give the drugs because they are not aware of the long term effects or the psychological dependency, and lastly because they are not aware of the alternatives. As parents we have to be more cognizant of what these disorders are and how they†¦show more content†¦Last but not least you could implement talk therapy into your treatment regimen. When changing the diet of my seven year old cousin my aunt decided not to let him consume anything with sugar in it. He was diagnosed with ADD and ADHD but after the change in the food you have no way to tell that he suffers from it. But even though this was a very compelling point it is not the only reason why kids shouldn’t be on behavioral drugs. Ritalin is currently prescribed to approximately six million people in the US. Of those six million, 75% of these are children, with boys receiving Ritalin about four times more often than girls. Ritalin is a drug that stimulates the central nervous system. It interacts with chemicals in the brain and nerves that give way to hyperactivity and impulse control. Not only is Ritalin used to treat ADD and ADHD, it is also used to treat a sleeping disorder called Narcolepsy, which is an uncontrollable desire to sleep, but there is another drug that given just as Ritalin, and it is called Adderall. Adderall is almost the exact same as Ritalin except it actually enters the cell and helps it produce more dopamine. While parents have their kids engaged into the drug tre atment they should be aware of the long term effects on the kids. We have to take into consideration that your brain isn’t fully developed until you are twenty six years old, but we are giving these drugs to kids as young asShow MoreRelatedDiagnosis And Treatment Of Adhd877 Words   |  4 Pagesdeveloping concern in regard to the prevalence of ADHD is that there is a growing shifts in the onset span and in the population currently diagnosed with ADHD. A clinical practice guideline published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (2011) reported the expansion of the age range in regard to diagnosis and treatment of ADHD from 6 through 12 years of age to 4 through 18 years of age. More recent studies substantiated that a majority of ADHD cases persists well into adulthood in spite of theRead MoreADHD: Diagnosis, Treatment, Etiology, and Treatment Outlook Essay1966 Words   |  8 PagesADHD: Diagnosis, Treatment, Etiology, and Treatment Outlook Attention Deficit with hyper activity Disorder commonly known as ADHD is classified as a disruptive behavior disorder usually diagnosed in childhood. ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed behavior disorder of childhood. It appears to be more common in boys than it is girls. This Disorder is more common in boys than in girls and approximately five in one hundred children are affected (Busing). There are three subtypes: PredominantlyRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd ) Medications And The Over Diagnosis And Treatment Of Adhd1832 Words   |  8 Pagesrise in Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) medications and the over diagnosis and over treatment of ADHD in patients. ADHD is defined as a â€Å"persistent pattern of inattention and /or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development† (Batstra Frances 2012). Since there is an abundance of information concerning thi s topic, this paper will focus on whether ADHD is over diagnosed or under diagnosed and ifRead MoreAttention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ( Adhd )1678 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"ADHD is a neurological difference that affects learning and language, and every aspect of life† (Hardman). It has been argued that ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder) is not a real disease, but it has been confirmed by neurological testing that ADHD is a real disease. It has been found that ADHD symptoms are caused by a child having less brain activity in their frontal lobes; this part of the brain controls the impulse control which will make it harder for the child to sit still. ThereRead MoreAttention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Essay1121 Words   |  5 PagesAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Ailene M. Broadbent Mohave Community College Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) ADHD is one of the most common neurological disorders diagnosed and treated in children. ADHD often affects a child’s ability to focused for any amount of time and can affect their life adversely if not diagnosed and treated properly. One of the problems with ADHD is that it can be difficult to diagnose and treat, because there are many different conditionsRead MoreAdhd : A Better Safe Than Sorry874 Words   |  4 PagesThe â€Å"better safe than sorry† mentality leads to over diagnosis in adolescent ADHD furthermore causing the concern of overprescribing of medication as treatment and â€Å"overly managing† the disorder. Approximately 4.6 million children between age 6 and 17 received a diagnosis of ADHD, and over half of them (59%) were given medication (Parens and Johnston, 2009). Some of the usual prescribed medicines to those with ADHD is that of Ritalin and Adderall – drugs that are classified in the same category asRead MoreHow Society Views Childr en with Adhd1600 Words   |  7 PagesATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER I. Society Views A. Society Views on Children with ADHD B. How Society Affects the Development of the ADHD Child 1. Mental development 2. Physical development 3. Social development II. Diagnosis A. Reasons for Seeking Professional Diagnosis B. How the Diagnosis is Made C. Why the Diagnosis can be Incorrect III. Treatment A. Ritalin B. Modern Therapy 1. Herbal Therapy 2. Mental Therapy 3. Diet Therapy Read MoreAdhd And Its Effects On Children Essay1283 Words   |  6 Pageschildren took any prescription medication related to ADD, ADHD, or hyperactivity. There was an analysis investigating whether and to what extent minority children diagnosed with ADHD were taking medication for the disorder. I one particular study participants were asked to answer the questions with a â€Å"yes† or â€Å"no† response. According to the data parents answered that 650 of 780 children with an ADHD diagnosis use prescription medication for ADHD (Morgan, Staff, Hillemeier, Farkas, Maczuga, 2013). ResultsRead MoreIs Adhd over-Diagnosed Among School Children1409 Words   |  6 PagesIs ADHD Over-diagnosed Among School Children? After reading the review, (Is ADHD over-diagnosed among school children?) by C. Collins, I am in agreement with T. E. Elder in that yes, ADHD is over-diagnosed. I chose to accompany the review by C. Collins with the article, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, which originated from the Facts on File; Issues and Controversies Database. After reading both the review and the article I highly believe that ADHD is definitely over-diagnosed. In theRead MoreAdhd, Whether or Not to Medicate a Child1195 Words   |  5 PagesADHD, Whether or Not to Medicate a Child Samantha Edmondson COM/155 September 21, 2014 Laura L. Griepp ADHD, Whether or Not to Medicate a Child With the diagnosis of ADHD in children becoming such a controversial subject because of the medications that doctors prescribe; parents have difficult decisions to make. My son, T.J., has had ADHD since he was five years old, and has had many trials and tribulations with the medication that his doctor placed him on to help with the issues that come

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Writing Process Over The Past Years Essay - 1074 Words

Throughout my writing process over the past few months,I have grown so much!I have learned so many different techniques and different ways to check over my writing.After reviewing my past writings I can see all the little flaws that I made and had no idea that it was wrong. It feels very refreshing to look over something I did a few months ago and know the mistakes I have made, and more importantly know how to fix these minor and some large mistakes. I am ready to move on with my academics and career with as prepared as I am today. I have used many useful websites to help me get through these essays and writing papers. I have used college based websites, including BGSU,and new’s pages including WTOL and 13 ABC. I also have used a very helpful website named citation machine. This website helps me make sure websites are credible.These have helped me get useful and informative information that I can rely on being truthful.I now believe i have a great set of researching skills that will help me immensely with being successful with my career. Another way that I used to go through my papers is having many peer editors. My friends from other classes went threw and commented on my paper. Each person would find different mistakes that I have done wrong. But they were all easy fixes. Along with my friends, I had my teacher look through my paper and comment things I could improve on. Having editors has helped me a lot!Seeing all of the different errors that each person caught reallyShow MoreRelatedResearch Paper : Baby Steps915 Words   |  4 Pagestime and effort put into researching and writing about the topic of a research paper that I could not care less about, and would forget as soon as the paper is done. The premise of this week’s reading, that it is the process of developing a research paper that should be focused on more than the end result, is wonderfully simple but requires rethinking the traditional research paper drudgery. As I have been in the classroom over the past five and half years and in viewing th e assignments of my ownRead MoreReflection Of The Past Ten Weeks1047 Words   |  5 Pagesof the Past Ten Weeks in FYI 101 When I started college at Augustana in August and walked into my first day of FYI 101, bright and early on a Monday morning, I did not know what was in store for me to learn in the following ten weeks. Coming into college I could not write in a proper, college way. I did not know how to properly cite sources that I used. This included in text citations and work cited pages. I also would write every essay in a five or six paragraph format instead of writing many shorterRead MoreGraduation Speech : Learning, Rubrics And Research1144 Words   |  5 Pagesclass, we have discussed: writing-to-learn, rubrics and research. In this paper, I will reflect and summarize on topics discussed in class. I sense that all of these topics can have a positive affect off of the other. Thus far I have really enjoyed the topics we have discussed because they stretch so far and are opinionated topics. From my own personal experience, I do not really enjoy writing. I had teachers who made me write thing s like spelling words over and over. When the topic about researchRead MoreImportance Of Persuasive Writing Skills In Writing784 Words   |  4 PagesOver the past two years, my persuasive writing skills have remained stagnant and have not grown much since I graduated from high school. The coursework of my chemical engineering classes has focused more on technical writing to convey data and facts to evaluate a hypothesis rather than to persuade a reader to think differently. However, I recognize that persuasive writing has a place in my education, and I am eager to grow my abilities over the course of the semester. In this self-assessment, I willRead MoreReflection1179 Words   |  5 Pages Writing has always been one of my strengths, enabling me to freely express my creative thoughts in a controlled manner onto a piece of paper. Although my writing process takes a long time, I have complete power over the sentences and structures that I am weaving together to form a cohesive whole. Throughout High School, I was trained to write a structured essay in an ample amount of time by writing, editing, and finalizing my draft. Most of our work involved writing individual essays and researchRead MoreTransferring Knowledge907 Words   |  4 Pagessemester of freshman year at the University of Oklahoma I was a participant in a Principles of English Composition class that was intellectually challenging whilst still maintaining the expectations of a first year English class. In the semester of English 1113, the class discussed discursive practices, metacognition, critical reflection, and strategies to transfer knowledge that has been gained to other events in our lives. Learning ab out the structures of discourses and how writing is constructed specificallyRead MoreMy Writing As A Writer1700 Words   |  7 PagesWhat kind of writer am I? That’s a trick question for which there is not a satisfactory answer. My experience with writing has never been my favorite. In fact, English has always been my least favorite subject. Studying math and science is what I enjoy; these have come rather easy for me. English, for some reason I will never understand, has always required extra effort for me actually to do well. Sure, there have been plenty of times that I have been required to write a few research papers, severalRead MoreWhen I Was In Middle School, My Ambition Was To Become1330 Words   |  6 PagesCreative fiction is where most of my writing ambitions lie. I enjoy the process of building fictitious world, characters, and scenarios, although, unfortunately, I have not yet found a story I am passionate enough about to turn into a long-term project. In high school and my first semester of college I have been exposed to more different styles of writing both through the given writing assignments and the books I have read. One of my biggest struggles when writing essays is making them compact, conciseRead MoreBaby Steps : How And How Can These Be Avoided?1179 Words   |  5 Pagesthe state of mind that students enjoy when writing or is it the final grade that strives students to craft a good structured, well thought out paper? Also, what obstacles do students encounter when writing, and how can these be avoided? In the past week I have taken the time to observe and take notes on students and focused on what strives them to write. The results that I have inquired can come as a shock or can be something that is already known. â€Å"Writing is a way of discovering, of learning, ofRead MoreMy Experience At The Press Conference Of A Football Game993 Words   |  4 Pagessurreal to believe that the semester is over. Just a few short month s ago, I sat in that same desk looking more like a deer in the headlights than a successful English student. However, through hard work and grit I have clawed my way to the end of the course. The lessons learned will forever shape my writing habits and academic experience. The first paper that I wrote was an auto-biography about an experience in my life that shaped my reading/writing skills and attitudes. I elaborated about

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Factors Affecting the Academic Performance free essay sample

Subsystems of Marketing Information System A well-designed market information system consists of four subsystems. †¢ The first is the internal records system, which provides current data on sales, costs, inventories, cash flows, and accounts receivable and payable. Many companies have developed advanced computer-based internal reports systems to allow for speedier and more comprehensive information. †¢ The second market information subsystem is the marketing intelligence system, supplying marketing managers with everyday information about developments in the external marketing environment. ..See below for more information. What is the definitions of Marketing Research The systematic design, collection, analysis, and reporting of data relevant to a specific marketing situation facing an organization Steps in the Marketing Research Process The marketing research process consists of four steps: 1. Defining the problem and research objectives 2. Developing the research plan, 3. Implementing the research plan, and 4. Interpreting and reporting the findings. See below for more information.What is the definitions of Descriptive research Descriptive research is where the intent is to describe things such as the market potential for a product or the demographics and attitudes of customers who buy the product. We will write a custom essay sample on Factors Affecting the Academic Performance or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page A marketing information system (MIS) consists of people, equipment and procedures to gather, sort, analyze, evaluate and distribute needed, timely and accurate information to marketing decision makers. MIS works in the following way: †¢ A well-designed marketing information system (MIS) begins and ends with the user.The MIS first assesses information needs by interviewing marketing managers and surveying their decision environment to determine what information is desired, needed, and feasible to offer. †¢ The MIS next develops information and helps managers to use it more effectively. Internal records provide information on sales, costs, inventories, cash flows, and accounts receivable and payable. Such data can be obtained quickly and cheaply, but must often be adapted for marketing decisions. †¢ Marketing intelligence supplies marketing executives with everyday information about developments in the external marketing environment.Intelligence can be collected from company employees, customers, suppliers, and resellers; or by monitoring published reports, conferences, advertisements, competitor actions, and other activities in the environment. Marketing research involves collecting information relevant to a specific marketing problem facing the company. †¢ Finally, the marketing information system distributes information gathered from internal sources, marketing intelligence, and marketing research to the right managers at the right times.More and more companies are decentralizing their information systems through networks that allow managers to have di rect access to information. b. The working of the Marketing Information System: If a marketing organization is to produce superior value and satisfaction for customers, marketing managers need information at almost every turn. They need information about customers such as resellers, end-users (who tend to be called consumers), as well as competitors, governmental and other forces in the marketplace.A marketing information system (MIS) consists of people, equipment and procedures to gather, sort, analyze, evaluate and distribute needed, timely and accurate information to marketing decision makers. I. Assessing information needs: Marketing organizations must establish what information is needed or likely to be needed. This is a key feature of the MIS that underscores the importance of information. II. Developing information: Internal Records provide a wealth of information, which is essentially raw data for decisionmaking.An effective MIS organizes and summaries balance sheets, orders, schedules, shipments, and inventories into trends that can be linked to management decisions on marketing mix changes. III. Marketing Intelligence: Provides the everyday information about environmental variables that managers need as the implement and adjust marketing plans. Sources for intelligence may vary according to needs but may include both internal and external sources. Research: Marketing research links the consumer, customer, and public to the marketer through an exchange of information.